Management combination and two working levels of t

2022-09-19
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The management combination and two working levels of information system construction

with the construction process of analyzing the change law of enterprise information to judge the degree of wear and tear for more than ten years, enterprises have increasingly recognized the value of information systems, and information tools and systems have also become important supporting means for the internal work of many enterprises. However, many enterprises, especially those with deep informatization foundation, will still encounter many informatization problems today, such as how does information system support decision-making in Dr. Deakin's definition? How to provide timely and effective data support for senior management? How to expand the construction of informatization on the original basis, In essence, these problems are not caused by the wrong direction of information construction, or the change of construction trend. A very important reason can be understood as that the focus and ways of information construction have not been adjusted synchronously with the improvement of management level

to make a detailed analysis of the key points of enterprise informatization construction, we can focus on the classification of information systems. Generally speaking, we can divide information systems into two categories according to their internal applications: business processing type and control type

the so-called business processing system can be understood as an information system that provides targeted support for the business processing process, and can provide powerful tool support for the completion of a certain work. For example, ERP system can be regarded as a typical business processing system, which can provide good support for relevant production, procurement and other business links based on some functional modules

the so-called management and control system can be understood as that these systems focus on the summary and statistical analysis of relevant data information to provide reference for managers' decision-making. For example, BI system is a typical management and control system. Based on the collection of data from a variety of data sources, through the relevant analysis model, it provides decision-makers with reference data that can move the center line of the sample to the outside or conduct experiments with its full section for decision-making

combining these two different types of information systems, their internal use groups are also different, and each group has different concerns about different systems. In this way, the two systems combine the three levels of internal organization: "top level", "management level" and "operation level", and we can build a 2x3 matrix. Combined with this matrix, we can clearly analyze the organizational scope covered by the internal related information system. At the same time, on this basis, we can deeply subdivide the focus of groups at all levels on different systems

it can be seen from the example above that although some information systems are oriented to business processing, their organizational scope can range from "operation level" to "high level". Similarly, systems targeted at management and control, such as internal OA systems, may also cover the full scope of the organization. Combined with this 2x3 matrix, we can further analyze the basic ways of information construction within the enterprise

for most enterprises, the initial information construction is more focused on the construction of business processing system at the operation level. After laying the foundation of business processing, it will evolve to the management and control system of senior management

in the process of information construction, it can be seen that the business processing system focuses more on the effective support of key and core businesses and the support of information means to businesses. At this stage, the requirements for data information are timely, accurate and targeted, and the requirements for relevant functional modules can be well combined with the actual work process, so that users can feel convenient in the use process. Further, when enterprises require to provide support for decision-making based on informatization means, the requirements for informatization related elements have changed. For example, the requirements for data information will be further comprehensive and summarized on the basis of the above, and the requirements for relevant systems/functional modules are integration, smooth information processing, etc

in the construction of business processing system, the first thing to do is to analyze how it supports business, that is, the first level of information construction: business support. With the development of enterprises, the complexity of management is getting higher and higher, which requires that the information system should not only be able to realize the automation of business processing, but also realize the smoothness of internal information flow, and ensure that it can provide support for the decision-making of senior management, which leads to the second level of information construction: decision support

in the informatization construction of business support level, we must first clarify how informatization supports businesses and key businesses. Only by clarifying these contents, can we carry out targeted informatization planning at the beginning of informatization construction, determine which information systems need to be built in the future, and clarify how they support businesses. At the same time, we can determine the focus and plan of future construction on this basis. For the information construction with a sales volume of 74billion euros in 2013 at the decision support level, the key is to clarify the management and control mode of enterprises, especially group enterprises. Different management and control modes have different requirements for information systems. Only in this way can we explain how to extract relevant decision information based on effective information flow, realize decision support, and further guide the construction of existing systems, Determine the direction of future construction and expansion, and at the same time, clarify which information systems should be built on the basis of business processing, so as to realize the requirements for decision support, standardized management, etc. (end)

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