Titanium dioxide enterprises that most rely on imp

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Titanium dioxide enterprises that rely on imported products are facing a "titanium famine"

titanium ore is an important raw material for titanium dioxide. Statistics show that in 2011, the dependence of China's titanium dioxide industry on imported titanium ore has reached 50%, and about 40% of the imported titanium ore came from Vietnam. However, from July 1 this year, Vietnam will completely ban the ball screw and trapezoidal screw of tensile testing machine. Which is better? So far, China has exported primary titanium products with proven reserves of up to 600 million tons. This means that many domestic titanium dioxide enterprises will run out of food

in front of China's titanium dioxide industry, which has the attribute of resource dependence, the "Mania" of titanium ore has become increasingly prominent, and the situation of titanium dioxide enterprises, which are deeply shackled, is more severe this year. Industry experts believe that from this year, the import dependence on titanium dioxide production raw materials will become a very important factor affecting the stable and healthy development of China's titanium dioxide industry, which should be paid enough attention to

the impact of the new deal in neighboring countries

xufengpei, general manager of Vietnam Kangyang Co., Ltd., recently told that according to the latest survey results, Vietnam's titanium ore reserves have reached 660 million tons, but it is necessary to realize local processing and utilization

in 2009, the Vietnamese government found titanium in red sand during the exploration of minerals in the country, and then decided to invest 20million US dollars in two years to carry out key in-depth exploration. Now, the survey results that have been released clearly excite the Vietnamese government. "This is only temporary data. Before exploration, Vietnam's titanium ore reserves were only more than 30 million tons." Xu Fengpei said. It is understood that Vietnam has mined 15million tons of titanium ore in the past 20 years. Among them, the mining volume of heavy metals was 1.2 million tons in 2011 and is expected to reach 1.5 million tons in 2012

titanium is a typical lithophile element, which often appears as oxide minerals. There are more than 80 kinds of minerals with more than 1% TiO2 in the earth's crust, and 15 kinds of minerals with industrial value. In China, ilmenite, rutile and titanomagnetite are mainly used, both primary (rock ore) and secondary (weathered residual slope and sedimentary placer)

however, at the beginning of the year, the Vietnamese government issued the second directive on the national titanium industry development policy, which clearly pointed out that the minerals mined in Vietnam must be deeply processed before they can be exported, and set a time limit for the export of titanium ore, that is, from July 1 this year, the export of unprocessed titanium ore is not allowed

data show that China's titanium ore supply in 2011 was 4.8 million tons, and most of the titanium ore resources went to the titanium dioxide industry. China's titanium resources are concentrated in Sichuan, Yunnan, Hainan and other regions. The total output of these regions can only meet 50% of the domestic market demand, and the remaining 50% will be supplemented by imports. Last year, China imported 2.27 million tons of titanium ore, an increase of 230000 tons over the previous year, an increase of 11.3%. It is understood that about 40% of the total titanium ore imports come from Vietnam

in fact, China is the country with the richest titanium resources in the world. China's vanadium titanium magnetite is a major national characteristic strategic resource, with proven reserves of 9.83 billion tons and prospective reserves of 30 billion tons, equivalent to 965 million tons of titanium dioxide. Titanium resources account for 40% of the world, ranking first. Panxi, Chengde and other places have national vanadium titanium magnetite comprehensive utilization industrialization bases, and Western Liaoning, Hubei Zaoyang and other places also have titanium resources. However, the main characteristics of these titanium resources are multi-metal symbiosis and difficult separation of titanium. Most of them exist in the form of low and medium grade (45% - 47%), with high calcium and magnesium content and low resource utilization

at the same time, the latest statistical data of the titanium dioxide industry branch of China Coating Industry Association show that China's titanium dioxide industry is in a period of rapid development, and has become the world's largest producer and consumer of titanium dioxide. In 2011, the total output of titanium dioxide in China was 1.8119 million tons, an increase of 22.9% over the previous year

the total production capacity of titanium dioxide in China has reached 2.62 million tons/year, and the production capacity under construction is 2million tons/year. With the proposed production capacity of enterprises, it is expected that the production capacity of titanium dioxide in China will increase to 5million tons/year by the end of the 12th Five year plan, including the name of matrix samples, specification resins and fiber reinforcements. Guoxinrong, the Secretary General of the branch, believes that the domestic titanium dioxide industry has a large demand gap for titanium resources (including titanium concentrate, high titanium slag, etc.). Some insiders also pointed out that China is increasingly dependent on imported titanium ore, and the annual demand for titanium ore will increase by 15%. A new round of global titanium ore acquisition and mining will be carried out rapidly

how to fill the gap between supply and demand

it is understood that most manufacturers in Hainan, Guangxi and other places do not have Vietnamese titanium ore in stock, so it is increasingly difficult to get goods. Since this year, some new production capacity has been launched continuously, and some domestic titanium dioxide manufacturers have begun to resume production. The increasing demand for raw titanium concentrate has also aggravated the situation that the supply of titanium ore market exceeds the demand

Peng anzheng, general manager of Nanjing titanium dioxide Chemical Co., Ltd., believes that ilmenite, the main raw material for titanium dioxide production, is increasingly constrained by resource constraints. The production capacity of titanium dioxide in China has increased rapidly, while the domestic and foreign mining volume of ilmenite has hardly increased this year. With Vietnam restricting the export of titanium ore from July, the shortage of titanium ore is bound to occur, which will also promote the high-level operation of titanium ore

Guo Xinrong believes that the introduction of Vietnam's policy in the first half of this year will have a greater impact on some regions and some enterprises. On the whole, domestic enterprises are more sensitive to titanium ore imports. "Domestic enterprises cannot import titanium ore from Vietnam, but titanium ore from other regions will be filled, such as South Africa, Australia, Russia, etc., but the large pattern of shortage of raw material demand exists." Guo Xinrong said that the global prospecting pattern of domestic titanium dioxide enterprises will continue for a long time. If there are no major policies or backward production capacity exits, this situation will not change

it is reported that at present, in addition to titanium dioxide enterprises with titanium resource advantages such as Pangang titanium industry and longmang titanium industry, many enterprises are actively looking for titanium resources around the world. For example, Nanjing titanium dioxide mainly uses foreign titanium ores at present, and has experience in allocating and using a variety of titanium resources. It has considered the strategic layout in the purchase of titanium resources

in addition to the reduction of raw material supply, the expansion of China's production capacity of titanium dioxide by chlorination is also one of the important factors to increase the dependence on foreign minerals. It is understood that at present, there are five domestic chlorinated titanium dioxide projects under construction, including 30000 tons/year in Jinzhou titanium industry, 100000 tons/year in Pangang titanium industry, 60000 tons/year in Yunnan Xinli, 60000 tons/year in Henan Xingmao titanium industry, and 100000 tons/year in Henan Wanji, with a total capacity of 350000 tons/year. The catalogue for the guidance of industrial structure adjustment (2011 version) clearly lists titanium dioxide projects by chlorination method as encouraged

it is understood that the chlorination method uses rutile or high titanium slag as raw materials, which has high requirements for raw materials. The statistical data released by titanium dioxide trading platform shows that at present, the global titanium slag production capacity is more than 3million tons/year, and the main suppliers are foreign enterprises; The production capacity of artificial rutile is 1million tons/year, and it is mainly concentrated in foreign enterprises. However, the production capacity of domestic electric furnaces for smelting high titanium slag is relatively low, with a total of about 40000 tons/year. Most of the high titanium slag smelting electric furnaces are small furnaces. After years of research and development, rutile and high-quality high titanium slag suitable for the production of titanium dioxide by chlorination in China have not formed the actual production capacity and cannot provide raw materials for the large-scale and stable production of the chlorination process

Guo Xinrong said that since the beginning of this year, the import dependence on titanium concentrate and high titanium slag as raw materials for titanium dioxide production, especially the import dependence on chlorinated slag of chlorination process, will be a very important factor for the stable and healthy development of China's titanium dioxide industry, which should be paid close attention to and cause enough attention

adjusting the structure of raw materials is the right way

it is understood that actively seeking foreign advantageous resources, using technology testing machines, technological development and innovation, and improving the utilization level of domestic resources have become the main path for domestic titanium dioxide enterprises to solve the bottleneck of raw materials

titanium dioxide branch is now encouraging domestic scientific research institutions and enterprises to develop advanced utilization technologies based on the characteristics of domestic existing titanium resources. Vietnam's ban on the export of titanium ore will only have a phased impact on China's titanium dioxide enterprises. The shortage of titanium resources, the rise of titanium prices, the progress of beneficiation technology and the improvement of titanium dioxide production technology will directly or indirectly promote enterprises to make full use of titanium resources with high mining or beneficiation costs and no use value. Therefore, she believes that titanium resources can meet the demand in the future. However, she also said that in the face of the pressure of titanium ore price rise, the temptation of foreign titanium dioxide enterprises to constantly raise prices, and the intensification of contradictions opposed by downstream application enterprises, titanium dioxide enterprises should unite, take the principle of digesting costs and reasonable profits, avoid the temptation of short-term profits, and seek common development with downstream enterprises from the perspective of survival, long-term and steady development, which is conducive to the healthy development of China's titanium dioxide enterprises

it is reported that in March 2009, Shandong Dongjia group built a thousand ton vanadium titanite high-efficiency utilization new technology demonstration production line, which realized continuous and stable operation in May 2011. The titanium dioxide produced met the requirements of the national standard, and achieved a total titanium conversion rate of more than 97%, alkali of 90%, recycling, and production cost reduction of 10%. This achievement was unanimously recognized by the acceptance expert group as a major original innovative technology, which will promote the upgrading of China's titanium dioxide industry

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